The central chilled water (CHW) plant was not meeting the needs of Capital University's 1.2 million-ft 2 (111 480 m 2 ) campus in Columbus, Ohio. Failure of one of the two 750-ton (2638 kW), 35-year-old single-stage steam absorption chillers caused the university to rent a chiller during summer 1998.
CHW loads were expected to increase due to a soon-to-be-built 126,000-ft 2 (11 705 m 2 )sports and recreation facility and the air conditioning of other campus buildings. The cooling towers and other ancillary equipment were degraded. The constant-flow CHW pumping system and lack of controls at each of the 10 buildings on the system resulted in wasted energy and comfort problems. The university's natural gas contract provided a monetary incentive for consuming 30% of the annual gas consumption during the summer months. An analysis showed that upgrading the central plant was the most cost-effective option. A life-cycle cost analysis was done to select the best central plant system. The design firm then designed and led the turnkey (i.e., design/build) replacement of the old central chiller plant with a new hybrid plant, consisting of the following:
The entire system retrofit was completed by May 1, 1999 at a cost of $2.1 million and has been operating flawlessly since that time (almost two full cooling seasons).
Citation: ASHRAE Journal, vol. 43, no. 7, July 2001
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